What is Addiction?

According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine, addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. The dysfunctions in these circuits lead to characteristic biological, psychological, social, and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in the individual pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. It impairs behavioral control and diminishes recognition of significant problems which affects ones behaviors and interpersonal relationships. Without treatment or recovery activity, addiction is a progressive disease that can result in disability or premature death.